Indian Name : Safed Musli
Botanical Name : Chlorophytum borivilianum
Parts Use: Root, rhizomes
They grow to 10–60 cm tall, with a rosette of
long, slender leaves 15–75 cm long and 0.5–2 cm
broad, growing from a thick, fleshy rhizome. The flowers
are small, usually white, produced on sparse panicles up
to 120 cm long; in some species the panicle also
bears plantlets, which take root on touching the ground.
Safed Musli requires well drained loamy to sandy loam
soils rich in organic matter. Warm and humid climatic
condition with good amount of soil moisture during the
growing season favour luxuriant vegetative growth and
facilitate fleshy root development.
Nursery Raising and Planting :
It could be propagated through seeds as well as by
vegetative means (root-stock bearing buds or growing
The seeds are black in colour and with angular edges. It
take 12-16 days to sprout. The seeds should be sown in a
very well prepared seed bed which is heavily manured by
using FYM or leaf litter in the first or second week of
June and adequate moisture should be continuously
maintained during absence of rain in early part of the
season. The seedlings can be transplanted in the field
during the next Kharif season only at 30x15 cm spacing
because the development of plants as well as roots by
means of seeds in the first year is not vigorous enough as
compared the vegetatively propagated plants.
The initiation of sprouts of fleshy roots starts in mid
May but sometimes it could be as early as the last week of
April in stored material. In the forest seedlings emerge
out from the ground within 4-6 days after receipt of
rains. However, for the purpose of raising plants in the
field either the sprouted seedlings should be collected
from the forest between 10 to 30 days after receipt of
rains and transplanted in the field or fleshy root bunches
should be taken out from the ground or storage place in
mid of May.
Even a small, 1 cm long and slightly shrinken fleshy roots
or root stocks has a capacity to reproduce into new
plants. These fleshy roots sprout from second week of May
to second week of June. The sprouted fleshy propagules
should be planted in the field in first or second week of
June, followed by irrigation.
The practice of planting on top of the ridges of 15-20 cm
height at a row distance of 30x15 cm is found adequate for
obtaining commercial yield. It is estimated that 250-300
kg of root stocks will be required for planting one ha
land. Safed Musli could be easily intercropped in between
Manure and Fertiliser :
The use of 10-15 ton of FYM/ha provide good nutrient
status to the substratum for supporting healthy plant
The crop may be sown after receipt of rains. If there is
no rains after sowing of fleshy root propagules and its
transplanting then one irrigation be provided immediately.
Later, when soil moisture get reduced in the fields,
irrigation may be done after 10 to 15 days interval.
One to two weeding-cum-hoeings are needed to keep the soil
porous and free of weedy growth.
Harvesting / Post-Harvesting :
The crop matures in about 90 days under cultivation. At
maturity the leaves start yellowing and ultimately dry up
from the collar part and fall down. The crop could thus be
harvested when leaves have dried which occurs in the
months of September/October. During digging of plants,
fleshy root bunches should be lifted form the soil.
The harvested fleshy roots are cleaned and skin is
removed. The white musalitubers obtained are dried spread
in the shade for about 4-7 days to dry-out its moisture.
Climatic conditions for growth
Advice : The Best
time to buy this herb :
December to January
of Safed Musli
- Safed musli is a very popular aphrodisiac
agent, with no side effects. It is often prescribed
for enhancing male potency and overcoming signs of
fatigue. It is particularly used for individuals with
low sperm count and low libido.
- It is also regarded as an energy booster in
asthmatic conditions. The roots of the herb are also
used to strengthen the general immune system of the
- The tuber roots of the plant have been used
since ancient times, to prepare nutritive tonic for
sexual weakness and is used in Ayurvedic medicines
- Safed musli proves useful as a nutritive tonic
for both the mother and the fetus, during pregnancy
and is also used to replenish the body fluids during
the post-partum stage.
- The herb improves the quantity and flow of
breast milk, in feeding mothers.
- It has many health promotional benefits. It is
used to control and prevent obesity and its side
- The activities of vitamin C and antioxidant
enzymes are also enhanced by the use of this plant
- Research has indicated that the plant species
is used for curing diabetes and arthritic conditions.
- Safed musli is also beneficial in the
treatment of natal and postnatal problems.
- Its regular use causes increase in the level
of High Density Lipoprotein (HDL or good cholesterol)
and decrease in the plasma and hepatic lipid profiles.
- Apart from rejuvenating the reproductive
system, the herb prevents premature ejaculation and is
also used in chronic leucorrhoea.
Quality of Safed Musli :
For bulk purchase
of the above qualities :
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