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Khadira 


Indian Name :  Khadir
Botanical Name : Acacia catechu
Family:  Mimosaceae
Parts Use:  Root, Leaf, Seed, Oil

Description:

Acacia catechu is a small or medium-sized, thorny tree up to 15 m tall; bark dark grey or greyish-brown, peeling off in long strips, or sometimes in narrow rectangular plates, brown or red inside; branches slender, puberlous when young but glabrascent, with 2 curved, 8-mm prickles at the base of each petiole. Leaves bipinnately compound, with 9-30 pairs of pinnae and a glandular rachis; leaflets 16-50 pairs, oblong-linear, 2-6 mm long, glabrous or pubescent. Flowers in 5-10 cm long axillary spikes, pentamerous, white to pale yellow, with a campanulate calyx, 1-1.5 mm long, and a corolla 2.5-3 mm long; stamens numerous, far exserted from the corolla, with white or yellowish-white filaments. Fruit a strap-shaped pod, 5-8.5 cm x 1-1.5 cm, flat, tapering at both ends, shiny, brown, dehiscent, 3-10 seeded; seeds broadly ovoid. In India, three varieties, namely: var. catechu, var. catechuoides and var sundra are recognized. The generic name, ‘acacia’, comes from the Greek word ‘akis’, meaning a point or a barb. The species name comes from 'cutch', a tanning extract isolated from its heartwood.

Cultivation :  

Acacia catechu grows best on porous alluvium and on loam or gravel with varying proportions of sand and clay. It also grows on black cotton soil. It is essentially a tree of comparatively dry regions. It is propagated from seeds or cuttings of half ripened shoots.

Purchase Advice : The Best time to buy this herb :

March to May

Benefits of Khadira

The bark, wood, extracts fruits. Gum and flowering tops of Khadira are used for medicinal purpose. The plant is useful, internally as well as externally. Used externally as a powder by itself, it arrests the bleeding in gums. The decoction is an effective gargle in sore throat, cough and hoarseness of voice. The paste is beneficial, externally, in skin diseases and wounds. The bath of its decoction is an effective panacea for various skin affection. In stomatitis, halitosis, dental caries and cavities, halitosis, dental caries and cavities, Khadira is used with great benefit. The popular preparation Khadiradi guti is extremely helpful for chewing in sore throat, hoarseness of voice, and tonsillitis etc. due to vitiation of Kapha doshas. It dries up the mucous secretions and regains the taste sensation.

Internally, Khadira is useful in vast range of diseases. The decoction of Khadira along with fennel and sunthi is salutary in diarrhea, dysentery and colitis, especially associated with bleeding. The decoction of Khadira, given along with honey, effectively curbs the haemoptysis (bleeding through sputum) and alleviates the cough due to Kapha dosa. In chronic fever with enlarged spleen, its decoction is beneficial. Khadira, because of its dry and light attributes alleviates the excessive body fats in obesity. For that, daily 3 gm cutch in 100 ml water is given as a drink. Within 3-6 months it wards off excessive body fats. It also works well as an adjunct in diabetes. Khadira is one of the most potent drugs, used in various skin diseases. Khadirarista is a famous preparation used for that purpose. The plant is extremely beneficial in vaginal diseases, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia etc. for which its decoction is commonly used. Khadira along with yastimadhu, helps healing the wounds and ulcers in vaginal and anal mucosa. In anal fistula, the decoction of its bark skin and triphala is given with ghee and vidanga powder. In skin affections due to kapha dosa, the decoction of phadira and amalaki is used with bakuchi powder, with great benefit.

Quality of Khadira :

  • Dry Chips

For bulk purchase of the above qualities :
Please send us an email mentioning the quantity you require and your delivery destination at order@allayurveda.com

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