Herb of the Month
Botanical name: Rauvolfia/Rauwolfia serpentina
Family: Apocynaceae (oleander family)
Description of Herbs:
Sarpagandha is an erect,
evergreen shrub, merely 15 to 45 cm high. Its leaves are large, in
whorls of three - dark green above and pale green below. The
flowers are white, pinkish or red, occurring in whorls. Its fruit
are tiny, oval, fleshy which turn a shiny purple-black when ripe.
It is the roots of the plant that are mainly used for medicinal
Botany: An erect perennial shrub with a long, irregularly,
nodular, yellowish root stock.
Leaves: In whorls of 3, thin, lanceolate, acute,
bright green above and pale beneath.
Flowers: in irregular corymbose cymes, white,
often tinged with violet.
Fruit: Drupe, single or didymous, shining black,
the inflorescenece with red pedicels and calyx and white corolla.
Flowering Time: March to May in Indian conditions.
Parts Used: Roots.
The Rauwolfia constituent ajmaline not only lowers blood pressure,
but also has a potent anti arrhythmic effect which used to treat
high blood pressure (hypertension). Rauwolfia work by controlling
nerve impulses along with certain nerve pathways. As a result,
they act on the heart and blood vessels to lower blood pressure.
It is used in insomnia and irritative conditions of the central
nervous system. It causes depletion of catecholamines at the
central and peripheral level and depletion of Serotonin at the
Root is a valuable remedy for dysentery and painful affections of
Decoction of root is applied to increase uterine contractions and
promote expulsion of fetus.
Juice of leaves is instilled in eyes as a remedy for the opacities
Ayurvedic Supplements that contains Sarpagandha :