Indian Name : Lashun,
Botanical Name : Allium sativum
Family: Alliaceae family
Parts Use: Fruits, leaves
grows up to 2 to 3 feet. It has long, flat leaves
and white flowers. Its bulb has many cloves that are
Hardneck garlic (Allium sativum ophioscorodon) produces
fewer cloves than softneck, and is better suited to
northern, cooler climates. Each plant produces a garlic
scape, a central shoot with a flower atop it.
Hardneck garlic is usually grown by small farmers, and
many claim that it has more robust flavor than softneck
varieties. Although the precise taxonomy of garlic is
somewhat muddy, hardneck varieties break down into five
main types: Porcelain, Purple Stripe, Marbled Purple
Stripe, Glazed Purple Stripe and Rocambole, and three
varieties of weakly bolting hardnecks that often produce
softnecks: Creole, Asiatic and Turban.
garlic (Allium sativum sativum) is grown in warmer
climates. Most garlic in the supermarket is the softneck
variety. Softneck garlic does not produce garlic scapes,
and it produces more cloves than hardneck garlic.
garlic can be broken down into two varietal groups:
Artichoke and Silverskin.
A major advantage of growing garlic at home is that
this herb thrives well in varied climatic conditions. For
example, you can grow them in indoors near a window or
co-plant them with vegetables and other flowering plants.
Thus, you get a wide range of options for garlic
Purchase healthy bulbs of garlic and separate each of the
individual cloves. A single garlic clove develops as a
plant and on maturity, produces a bulb. Based on the area
size for plantation, you can estimate the number of garlic
cloves and separate them accordingly.
Select the Plantation Site
For better formation of garlic bulbs, select a plantation
site that receives a lot of sunlight. Also, make sure that
the soil in that area is not so damp. Otherwise, there may
be rotting of the garlic bulbs during cold winter months.
Preparation of soil for growing garlic should be done in
autumn. Spring plantation is also possible for warmer
climates. So, based on the prevailing climatic conditions
in your area, you can prepare soil either in spring or
autumn. If your garden is wet, consider supplementing it
with sand and organic matter to make it porous.
Plant Garlic Cloves
While planting garlic, dig the soil to about an inch deep,
insert the clove and cover it with soil. If you are
planting garlic in a vegetable garden, then maintain a gap
of about 4 inch between each plant and a row spacing of
approximately 18 inches. This allows easy watering of the
garlic plants and weeding (if necessary).
Water Garlic Plants
Water the newly planted garlic cloves adequately for quick
formation of the leaves. When you notice a green shoot
development, reduce the irrigation frequency and allow the
soil to dry in between two watering sessions, or else
water only when the top soil is dry.
Garlic Plant Care
For a good harvest, consider fertilizing the plants with a
general purpose fertilizer in late March and May. Ensure
that you keep a watch over the invading weeds. Mulching
with hay or straw is a good way to control weeds.
Depending upon the variety, garlic matures in about 7-8
months after plantation.
Timely harvesting is a crucial garlic growing tip.
Harvesting it too early produces small-sized bulbs, while
late harvesting induces splitting of the bulbs. So, either
way, you will get poor quality garlic bulbs. The right
time for harvesting garlic is when most of the leaves
wither and turn yellow. While harvesting, loosen the soil
with the help of a trowel and gently ease the garlic
People who do not have a garden can grow garlic in pots.
The information on how to grow garlic in containers and
pots is the same as that of planting it in garden soil.
Maintain the same spacing between two garlic plants (4
inch) and follow the same tips as above. Whatever may be
the growing option you have selected, you will get the
reward of flavoring your dish with home-grown garlic
leaves and bulbs.
Advice : The Best
time to buy this herb :
October to November
Some evidence suggests that
garlic may help prevent heart disease. It may slow down
atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) and lower
blood pressure slightly, between 7% and 8%. Most of the
studies on high blood pressure have used a specific
formulation called Kwai. One study that lasted 4 years
found that people who took 900 mg daily of standardized
garlic powder slowed the development of atherosclerosis.
Garlic also seems to be an anticoagulant, meaning it acts
as a blood-thinner, which may help prevent heart attacks
Earlier studies found that
garlic lowered high cholesterol, but more recent studies
that are high quality have found no effect.
Some early evidence suggests
garlic may help prevent colds. In one study, people took
either garlic supplements or placebo for 12 weeks during
"cold season" between November and February.
Those who took garlic had fewer colds than those who took
placebo. Plus, when they did get a cold, the people taking
garlic saw their symptoms go away faster than those who
Garlic may strengthen the
immune system, helping the body fight diseases such as
cancer. In test tubes, garlic seems to have anti-cancer
activity. And population studies -- ones that follow
groups of people over time -- suggest that people who eat
more raw or cooked garlic are less likely to develop
certain types of cancer, particularly colon and stomach
cancers. In fact, researchers who reviewed 7 studies found
a 30% reduction in risk of colorectal cancer among people
who ate a lot of raw or cooked garlic. Garlic supplements
don' t seem to have the same effect.
- A large-scale study, called the Iowa Women's
Health Study, looked at how much garlic, fruit, and
vegetables were in the diets of 41,000 middle-aged
women. Results showed that women who regularly ate
garlic, fruits, and vegetables had a 35% lower risk of
developing colon cancer.
- Garlic may help the immune system function
better during times of need such as in cancer. In a
study of 50 people with inoperable colorectal, liver,
or pancreatic cancer, immune activity improved after
they took aged garlic extract for 6 months.
- Garlic acts as an antiseptic & helps in
curing the wounds very quickly.
- One of the health benefits of garlic is that
it helps in fighting against various infection &
acts against inflammation and infection, including
colds, coughs by adding a freshly cut raw clove to
food three times a day or take kyolic garlic capsules
but raw is always best.
- In certain studies in China it has been shown
that it contains chemicals that prevent cancer. They
suggest that eating garlic on regular basis provides
some protection against cancer.
- Fresh or cooked garlic or 500 mg garlic
capsules twice daily helps in lowers down the blood
pressure & cardiovascular problems. It increases
the levels of high density lipoproteins & reduces
harmful cholesterol in the blood & keeps arteries
and heart healthy.
- It thins the blood, reduces clotting and helps
in controlling blood pressure and poor circulation.
- Garlic stimulates the immune system of body
& helps in fighting against various diseases.
- Prevents & relieves chronic bronchitis,
respiratory problems, and catarrh.
- It acts as a nasal decongestant &
- It is also helpful for hum oral asthma,
hysteria, dropsy & scurvy.
- Garlic works as a cleanser of the digestive
system, helps in curing flatulence, kills internal
parasites and is an excellent internal antiseptic.
- Researcher recommends daily dose of fresh
garlic of about 4 gm, equivalent to one or two small
cloves for each & every person who wants to keep
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of the above qualities :
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