(Asht) fold (Bidha) Examination (Pariksha)
a clear picture of nature of ailment and patient's general condition.
the examination of pulse, tongue, voice, skin, eye, general appearance,
of the pulse (nadi pariksha)
foremost clinical art in ayurvedic diagnosis it can provide deep
insights into the history of the patient. The ideal time for pulse
examination is early morning in empty stomach. But in case of
emergency, it can be examined at any time of the day or night.
An experienced ayurvedic physician can assess your bodys
nature (prakriti), pathological state (vikruti),
imbalances of body type, very subtle observations & even prognosis
of disease through the pulse.
of the tongue (jivha pariksha) :
through its doshic state, a vata aggravated tongue is dry,
rough & cracked, pitta suffered tongue is red with
a burning sensation and kapha influenced it is wet, slimy
and coated. Suggesting the state of the digestive system.
of the voice (sabda pariksha) :
and natural when the doshas are in balance, the voice will
become heavy when aggravated by kapha, cracked under pitta
effect and hoarse & rough when afflicted by vata.
of skin (sparsha pariksha) :
used for assessing the state of organs and tissue, palpation is
an important clinical method for examination of skin. Noted for
doshic influences, a vata aggravated skin is course &
rough with below normal temperature, a pitta influenced
one has quite high temperature and kapha effected it becomes
cold & wet.
of eyes (drka pariksha) :
domination makes the eyes sunken, dry and reddish brown in
On aggravation of pitta, they turn red or yellow and the
patient suffers from photophobia and burning sensations. High kapha makes them wet & watery with heaviness in the
of general appearance (akriti pariksha) :
doshic influences that reflect on the face of the patient enables
physicians to gauge the basic constitution and the nature of the
of urine (mutra pariksha) :
examination of urine sample and questioning of patient are important
for assessing doshic influence. A modification of this is the
oil (taila) drop (bindu) test (pariksha)
in which the effect of an oil drop on urine sample suggests the
curability of disease.
of stool (mala pariksha) :
digestion & absorption of food are poor, the stool carries
a foul odour and sinks in water. Vata aggravated, the stool
is hard, dry and grey / ash in colour. Excess pitta makes
it green / yellow in colour and liquid in form. And high kapha
lines it with mucus.
in Ayurveda | Diagnosis Process
Three Fold Examination
Eight Fold Examination | Ten