Indian Name : Bhumi
Botanical Name : Phyllanthus
Parts Use: Whole
niruri is an annual herb which grows in the wild after
first showers of monsoon in Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh,
etc. states of India. However, it has also been reported
to grow commonly in coastal areas. In Indian states it
usually grows during second week of June and starts
bearing fruits up to mid July or August. It remains in the
wild up to the end of the rainy season. However, under safe
conditions it can grow and survive upto mid- winter.
Bhumi amla is a small erect annual herb that grows
30 -40 cm in height. It is indigenous to the rainforests
of the Amazon and other tropical areas
throughout the world, including the Bahamas, southern India
and China. P.niruri is quite prevalent in the Amazon
and other wet rain forests, growing and spreading freely (
much like a weed ).
It originated in India as a Winter weed through out the
hotter parts of India . Phyllanthus means "leaf and
flower" because the flower and the fruit seem
to be united with the leaf. The plant grows abundantly
throughout India up to 700 m altitude during rainy season,
however, with less frequency in southern part of the
country. Small erect annual herb 10-60 cm tall. Leaves
small elliptic-oblong; flowers, whitish-green &
Agri practices : It is
a small erect annual herb 10-60 cm tall widespread in
tropical areas. Leaves are small elliptical - oblong and
flowers are whitish green & minute. It bears ascending
herbaceous branches. The bark is smooth and light green.
The fruits are tiny, smooth capsules containing seeds.
Bhumyamalaki is a circum-tropical weed, thriving well
under tropical conditions. In India, it grows abundantly
up to 700m altitude in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh,
Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra,
Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
Soil & Climate :
It is well adapted to variety of soils at pH ranging from
alkaline to neutral and acidic. Plant shows preference for
calcareous well drained and light textured soils. Plant
does not grow properly under shade. It grows under
semi-temperate to tropical conditions and under high
rainfall. However, the plant rarely survives under dry or
very low temperature conditions. Water logging does not
show any lethal effect on this crop.
Land Preparation :The
nursery beds are well prepared. FYM is mixed with top soil
layer while preparing the beds.
plants are propagated through seeds. About 1 kg seed is
required for seedlings to transplant in 1 ha land. The
seeds are mixed with dry soil or sand to allow uniform
distribution of seeds on the nursery bed. A thin layer of
soil is spread to cover the nursery beds. Appropriate
moisture is maintained in the beds till the seeds have
germinated. Sowing in April-May gives higher seed
germination and good yield. The seedlings, 15-30 old,
which are about 10 cm tall, are transplanted at a spacing
of 15x15 cm. Irrigation soon after transplanting ensures
good establishment of the seedlings.
Fertilizer : Organic
manures are preferred. The crop does not have any specific
requirement for N, P and K. However FYM or nitrogenous
fertilizers applied in appropriate quantities result in
better growth and higher herb yield.
irrigation is required in rainy season but if there are no
rainfalls irrigation at an interval of 15 days should be
given. Water logging is not a problem for this crop.
Weed control :Regular
hand weeding every month is required to keep the field
Pest control :No
serious pests and diseases have been recorded on this
Harvesting : Plants
should be harvested in September after the completion of
rainy season when they are still green in colour and
herbaceous. At this time the concentration of active
constituents in the leaves as well as the quantity of
leaves are at highest. The leaves are dried in sun.
Advice : The Best
time to buy this herb :
July to August
of Bhumi Amla :
The scientists across the world have been attracted
towards the anti- viral properties of Phyllanthus
niruri. The extract of the plant has been found to
cure even acute inflammation of liver. As such it is
justified that the extract of this plant can cure
Hepatitis caused by viruses of Hepatitis A, and Hepatitis
B. The extract of this plant has been found to be
clinically effective in the Viral Hepatitis B along
current parameters. It is due to the anti-viral properties
that experiments on P. niruri are going on across the
world today, and scientists hope that the plant may also
be helpful in the treatment of AIDS. The extract of the
plant has been proved to be non-toxic by researchers from
the different parts of the world. Current researches on
the chemical analysis of the extract of this plant show
that its leaves contain Lignansniranthin, Nirtetralin, and
phyltetralin chemical compounds. The seeds of this plant
contain Ricinoleic acid, Linoleic acid, and Linolenic acid
(54%). Fisetin-4-0-glucoside, a new Flavon glycoside has
been isolated from the aerial parts of this plant.
- It prevents from
jaundice, diabetes, dyspepsia, ulcers, sores, swellings,
ophthalmia and chronic dysentry.
- Whole plant is useful for
the treatment of some forms of gonorrhoea, dropsy,
menorrhagia and other genitor –urinary affections of a
- A poultice of the leaves
mixed with salt cures itch and other skin affections.
- It is bitter, astringent,
cold, anti inflammatory, hepatoprotective and useful in liver disorders, cough, asthma, jaundice,
- Phyllanthus may help
decrease the amount of hepatitis B virus found in the blood stream.
Quality of Bhumi Amla :
For bulk purchase
of the above qualities :
Please send us an email mentioning the
quantity you require and your delivery destination at email@example.com