Indian Name : Ghritkumari
Botanical Name : Aloe barbadensis
Parts Use: Leaf
Other names : Aloe, Lily of the desert, Burn
plant, Elephant's gall
Aloe vera is a stemless or very short-stemmed succulent
plant growing to 60–100 cm (24–39 in)
tall, spreading by offsets. The leaves are thick and
fleshy, green to grey-green, with some varieties showing
white flecks on the upper and lower stem surfaces. The
margin of the leaf is serrated and has small white
teeth. The flowers are produced in summer on a spike up
to 90 cm (35 in) tall, each flower being
pendulous, with a yellow tubular corolla 2–3 cm
(0.8–1.2 in) long. Like other Aloe species, Aloe
vera forms arbuscular mycorrhiza, a symbiosis that
allows the plant better access to mineral nutrients in
Aloe is grown in warm tropical areas and
cannot survive freezing temperatures.
Cultivation process :
Aloe Vera can be cultivated on any soil for ‘dry land
management’, sandy loamy soil is the best suited for
Aloe Vera is generally propagated by root
suckers by carefully digging out without damaging the
parent plant and planting it in the main field. It can
also be propagated through rhizome cuttings by digging
out the rhizomes after the harvest of the crop and
making them into 5-6 cm length cuttings with a minimum
of 2-3 nodes on them. Then they are rooted in specially
prepared sand beds or containers.
The plant is ready for transplanting after the
appearance of the first sprouts. The process of
cultivating Aloe Vera involves the following process:
The ground is to be carefully prepared to keep free from
weeds and the soil is ideally kept ideally slightly
acidic. The soil should be supplied supplement in the
form of ammonium nitrate every year.
The plants are set spaced out by 31 inches in rows and
between the rows. At that rate, about 5,000 plants are
set per acre. An 8-12 inch aloe pop would take about
18-24 months to fully mature.
- The plants in a year’s time would bear flowers that
are bright yellow in color. The leaves are 1 to 2 feet
long and are cut without causing damage to the plant, so
that it lasts for several years.
- The crop can be harvested 4 times a year. At the rate of
3 leaves cut from each plant, about 12 leaves are the
harvest per plant per year. On an average, the yield per
acre annually is about 60,000 kg.
- The leaves cut off close to the plant are placed
immediately, with the cut end downwards, in a V- shaped
wooden through of about 4 feet long and 12 to 18 inches
- The wooden through is set on a sharp incline so that the
juice, which trickles from the leaves very
rapidly, flows down its sides, and finally escapes by a
hole at its lower end into a vessel placed beneath.
- It takes about a quarter of an hour to cut leaves enough
to fill a through. The troughs are so distributed as to
be easily accessible to the cutters.
- The leaves are neither infused nor boiled, nor is any
use afterwards made of them except for manure. When the
removed to a cask or reserved for evaporation. This may
be done at once, or it may be delayed for weeks or even
- The evaporation is generally conducted in a copper
vessel; at the bottom of this is a large ladle, into
which the impurities sink, and are from time to time
removed as the boiling goes on.
As soon as the inspissations has reached the proper
point, which is determined solely by the experienced eye
of the workman, the thickened juice is poured into large
gourds or into boxes, and allowed to harden.
Purchase Advice : The Best time to buy this herb :
Best time to purchase is from June to
September every year.
Benefits of Aloe vera :
vera is being used topically to heal wounds and for
various skin conditions, and orally as a laxative, since
centuries. Today, apart from the people traditional uses,
people also take aloe vera orally to treat a variety of
conditions, including diabetes, asthma, epilepsy, and
osteoarthritis. People use aloe topically for
osteoarthritis, burns, and sunburns. Aloe vera has been
used to treat various skin conditions such as cuts, burns
Aloe vera gel can be found in hundreds of skin products,
including lotions and sun blocks. Cosmetic manufacturers
add sap or other derivatives from Aloe vera to makeup
products, tissues, moisturizers, soaps, sunscreens,
shampoos and lotions.
Aloe Vera has been referring to as "kumari’ in
Ayurvedic treatments where it is useful in the treatment
of burns, blood disorders, chronic constipation, skin
diseases, and as eye drops for relief in sore eyes and
redness as well as bleeding and healing of wounds, etc. It
plays an important role in gerontology and rejuvenation.
Aloe Vera is full of medicinal properties & it is
effective in treating various body ailments :
•Medical and Cosmetic Benefits
•Used in number of lotions, creams, gels and shampoos.
•As diet supplement or directly.
•Control the stomach acids and maintain balance in the
•Improve immune system.
•Helpful for diabetes
•Absorb nutrients and neutralizing toxic and bad
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of the above quality :
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